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Stomach Cancer: Symptoms and Risk Factors

Stomach Cancer

Understanding Stomach Cancer and Its Effects on the Stomach

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, mostly affects the stomach.

Suffering from stomach cancer causes a tumor to form and grow inside the stomach.

Although tumors can grow anywhere in the stomach, they most commonly occur in the stomach’s midsection, also known as the stomach body.

Stomach cancer is mostly treatable if detected early and located within the stomach.

Patients who have had stomach cancer treatment have reported positive outcomes and a successful cure.

However, if your stomach problem is identified later, there is a good probability that the tumor has already become malignant and will spread to other regions of the body.

Tumors on the stomach’s exterior layer, in addition to this sort of cancer, are difficult to treat.

Types of Stomach Cancer

Here’s an overview of the several types of stomach cancer. This classification is based on the location within the stomach where the tumor develops or the cells it has damaged.


This malignancy affects cells in the stomach that produce mucus. This is the most frequent stomach condition impacting patients globally.

Gastrointestinal Stomach Tumors

This kind of cancer affects nerve cells near the stomach tissues. It is a form of cancer that affects soft tissues.

Carcinoid Tumors

This type of cancer begins with the growth of tumors in neuroendocrine cells. Neuroendocrine cells perform both nerve and gastrointestinal functions, including hormone production and secretion.


Lymphoma, a stomach cancer, originates in the body’s immune cells. This type of cancer can develop if the brain sends immune cells to the stomach, such as during an illness or allergy.

Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer

Because stomach disorders are severe, it is critical to understand their symptoms. Here are some common problems you may encounter if you have stomach cancer:

  • Stomach cramps.
  • difficulty swallowing
  • I was bloating after eating.
  • Feeling full even after eating very little food.
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Significant appetite and weight loss
  • Black stools.
  • Tiredness
  • Vomiting

In general, the symptoms of cancer are difficult to detect early on. Furthermore, some of the symptoms are difficult to detect and quite broad.

Severe symptoms such as sudden weight loss and appetite, as well as feelings of excessive exhaustion and bloating, will not appear until the cancer has progressed to a severe stage.

When Should You Consult A Doctor About Your Symptoms?

In general, such as if you experience any of the symptoms described above, you should consult a doctor. If recurring adverse effects persist despite medication, consult a doctor promptly.

For example, even after using medications to treat indigestion, bloating, vomiting, and nausea, there is no evidence of a cure. Vomiting blood is a rare but severe side effect of stomach cancer. Consult a doctor promptly if you notice this symptom.

Risk Factors for Stomach Cancer

In general, experts aren’t clear on what causes stomach. In general, there could be an existing illness, such as a long-term stomach infection, acid reflux, or serious stomach ulcers, which can lead to the creation of tumors.

In general, as the tumor grows inside the stomach, it may be able to impact nearby tissues. This stage is known as metastatic stomach cancer and is more difficult to cure.

Here are some of the risk factors for having a stomach.

Existing stomach diseases such as acid reflux, stomach ulcers, or other stomach disorders.

Long-term excessive consumption of salty and smoked foods

Various types of stomach illnesses, allergies

Severe smoking and alcohol use

A family history of stomach cancer.

Gastritis causes swelling and inflammation of the stomach cells.

Preventing Stomach Cancer

Here are some proposed preventive techniques to minimize cancer progression to severe stages.

Avoid the consumption of excessively salty foods such as packaged potato chips or fried foods. Avoiding manufactured foods with artificial additives, such as added tastes and sweeteners.

Reducing addictions to alcohol and cigarettes.

To lower the risk of stomach cancer and also kidney cancer, try the following preventive measures:

Healthy Diet: A healthy diet should include plenty of fruits and vegetables as well as entire grains. Reduce your intake of smoked, salted, and pickled foods.

Quit Smoking: Avoid using tobacco products to reduce your risk.

Limit Alcohol: Drink alcohol in moderation or avoid it entirely.

Regular Medical Check-Ups: Regular medical tests, particularly for people with risk factors such as H. pylori infection or a family history of stomach cancer, can aid in early detection and therapy.

Maintain a Healthy Weight: Achieve and maintain a healthy body weight by eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly.


Here’s an overview of the diagnostic process:

  • Medical History and Physical Exam: The doctor will review your medical history and inquire about your symptoms. They will also do a physical examination to search for symptoms of stomach cancer or other health problems.

  • Endoscopy: Endoscopy is a process in which a thin, flexible tube with a camera attached (endoscope) is passed via the mouth and into the stomach. This permits the clinician to physically evaluate the stomach lining and get tissue samples (biopsies) if any abnormalities are discovered. Biopsies are then analyzed under a microscope to identify cancer cells.

  • Imaging Tests: Various imaging tests can be done to determine the extent of the cancer and whether it has spread to other places of the body. This may include:

    • CT scan (Computed Tomography): Provides detailed cross-sectional images of the abdomen and other parts of the body.
    • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): Uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create detailed images of the body.
    • PET scan (Positron Emission Tomography): Helps determine if the cancer has spread by detecting areas of increased metabolic activity.
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS): This technique combines endoscopy and ultrasound imaging to better analyze the layers of the stomach wall and adjacent lymph nodes. It can assist detect the extent of tumor invasion and lymph node involvement.

  • Biopsy of Lymph Nodes: If imaging tests indicate that the cancer has progressed to adjacent lymph nodes, the doctor may order a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer cells.

  • Blood testing: Although there are no specific blood tests for stomach cancer, certain blood markers may be raised in patients. These tests could include a complete blood count (CBC), liver function tests, and tumor markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cancer antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9).

Treatment For Stomach Cancer

The severity and stage of stomach cancer will determine treatment options. It also depends on your age, health, and the presence of other medical conditions.

In general, if the stomach tumor is sufficiently serious, doctors usually propose surgery. It may be followed by some radiation and chemotherapy. However, for a small and mild stomach tumor, doctors would typically recommend multiple rounds of chemotherapy and radiation treatment.

Final Say

This page provides an in-depth review of stomach cancer symptoms and risk factors. We discussed the symptoms of stomach cancer and recommended treatment options.

Understanding the signs and risk factors of stomach cancer is critical for early detection and prevention. If you have persistent symptoms or risk factors for stomach cancer, speak with a healthcare expert about screening and treatment options.

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